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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.
 
Reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of climate change research, the articles have been selected from across subject areas, including the physical, life, health and social sciences. We hope that by making this research freely available on Mendeley we can support collaboration, engagement and further research in this area.

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Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Petronia Carillo; Christophe El-Nakhel; Valerio Cirillo; Giuseppe Colla; Youssef Rouphael
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Natural or synthetic small molecules (
Topics: Benzimidazole, Ion homeostasis, Lactuca sativa L., Photosynthesis, Small bioactive molecules,...
Understanding the key drivers that affect a decline of soil organic carbon (SOC) stock in agricultural areas is of major concern since leading to a decline in service provision from soils and potentially carbon release into the atmosphere. Despite an increasing attention is given to SOC depletion and degradation processes, SOC dynamics are far from being completely understood because they occur in the long term and are the result of a complex interaction between management and pedo-climatic...
Topics: Agricultural management, Decision support system, Land use, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Camino Fernández de la Hoz; Elvira Ramos; Araceli Puente; José A. Juanes
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There are evidences of how climate change is affecting seaweeds distribution and the ecosystems services they provide. Therefore, it is necessary to consider these impacts when managing marine areas. One of the most applied tools in recent years to deal with this are species distribution models, however there are still some challenges to solve, such as the inclusion of hydrodynamic predictors and the application of effective, transferable and user-oriented methodologies. Five species...
Topics: Algae, Ecological niche, Global change, Marine ecology, Physiological thresholds, Species...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Duncan Macqueen; Anna Bolin; Martin Greijmans; Sophie Grouwels; Shoana Humphries
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The combined impacts of multiple locally-controlled forestry (LCF) businesses will play a key role in shaping the fate of forest landscapes. This article analyses how such enterprises contribute to a broad notion of prosperity as ‘that which people value and have reason to value in line with the common good’. It focuses on innovations that are found in those businesses and highlights how these differ from other models of business, which often pursue, for a limited number of people, a...
Topics: Business models, Global, Locally controlled forestry (LCF), Prosperity, SDGs, Small and medium...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosalien E. Jezeer; Pita A. Verweij; René G.A. Boot; Martin Junginger; Maria J. Santos
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Smallholder farmers might adopt different farming practices to cope with multiple stressors depending on their livelihood assets, and with varying environmental and economic outcomes. Ongoing global change is triggering stronger and different stressors that threaten conventional farming practices; however, this could be resolved if livelihood assets that drive decision making are actionable and thus can be modified. This study assessed the influence of farmers' livelihood assets, risk...
Topics: Arabica coffee, Capitals, Decision making, Input management, Shade management, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Europe is currently adapting its waste management strategies towards the increased recycling of waste materials, motivated by ambitious recycling targets. This requires correctly sorting and recovering of all relevant waste flows. In Denmark, a considerable share of residential household waste is collected at recycling centres, 16% of which is sent to energy recovery in the form of “small combustible waste”. Although essential in order to enhance the management of household waste, very...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Contamination, Life cycle assessment, Recycling rate, Sampling
Over the past few years, food waste has intensified much attention from the local public, national and international organizations as well as a wider household territory due to increasing environmental, social and economic concerns, climate change and scarcity of fossil fuel resources. On one aspect, food-processing waste represents a substantial ecological burden. On the other hand, these waste streams are rich in carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, thus hold significant potential for...
Topics: Biocatalysis, Bioconversion, Enzyme, Food industry waste, Green biotechnology, High-value products,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding response of streamflow to environmental changes is crucial for large-scale water resources management and ecosystem restoration. There is no consensus on how environmental change influence streamflow in different regions across climate gradient, as previous studies mainly focused on a single river basin or climate region. This study analyzed the variations of aridity index and its contributions to streamflow change based on Budyko's framework approach using bias-corrected...
Topics: Aridity index, Budyko analysis, Climate regions, Environmental change, Sensitivity analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Boqiang Lin; Muhammad Yousaf Raza
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CO 2 (carbon dioxide) emissions from fossil fuels have turned out one of the most perilous and complex issues driving the climate change debate. The issue of increasing demand for electricity at the same time reducing CO2 emissions has become important worldwide. This study evaluates the CO 2 emissions from the power sector of Pakistan during 1978–2017 using Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index technique and scenario analysis. We estimate LMDI to check the change under prearranged elements....
Topics: CO 2, Clean energy, LMDI, Total energy consumption
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé; Guéladio Cissé
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This paper provides a view of the major facts and figures related to infectious diseases with a focus on food-borne and water-borne diseases and their link with environmental factors and climate change. The global burden of food-borne diseases for 31 selected hazards was estimated by the World Health Organization at 33 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 2010 with 40% of this burden concentrated among children under 5 years of age. The highest burden per population of food-borne...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental health, Food-borne diseases, Infectious diseases, Water-borne diseases
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith; Ellen Smith
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A changing climate may alter the expected patterns of infectious disease emergence in North America, requiring nurse practitioners to become familiar with these changes in infectious disease emergence in their local communities. This report reviews how potential climate change might affect seasonal patterns of infectious diseases, including the impact on the agents that cause them and alterations in host behaviors/the environment that may modify the pattern of infectious diseases locally. This...
Topics: climate, infectious diseases, seasonality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jie Yin; Qing Zhao; Dapeng Yu; Ning Lin; Julia Kubanek; Guanyu Ma; Min Liu; Antonio Pepe
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In this paper, we study long-term coastal flood risk of Lingang New City, Shanghai, considering 100- and 1000-year coastal flood return periods, local seal-level rise projections, and long-term ground subsidence projections. TanDEM-X satellite data acquired in 2012 were used to generate a high-resolution topography map, and multi-sensor InSAR displacement time-series were used to obtain ground deformation rates between 2007 and 2017. Both data sets were then used to project ground deformation...
Topics: Coastal flooding, FloodMap, InSAR, Land subsidence, Sea level rise
Two third of our planet is covered by water, and lakes and rivers are the most important freshwater resources. But the amount of fresh water represents only 2.5% of the earth's water. Of the earth's fresh water, about 70% is locked up in the continental ice, 30% in underground aquifers and only 0.3% in rivers and lakes. In many water ecosystems around the world, climate change and environmental contamination affect water quantity and quality and water-related ecosystems. It is well known that a...
Topics: Aquatic ecosystems, Level of integrity, Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shray Pathak; R. D. Garg; Daniel Jato-Espino; Venkat Lakshmi
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Geographic Information Systems have been widely accepted to manage and manipulate spatial data associated with the hydrologic response of a watershed. Due to climate change and drought impacts, there is a need to conserve freshwater resources, which can be accomplished by introducing the concept of stormwater harvesting. Apart from hotspot identification and site screening, several economic, social, cultural, environmental aspects need to be considered before finalizing the suitable site for...
Topics: Decision support system, GeoServer, Metadata, Stormwater harvesting, Web-GIS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee; Chia Yen Lee
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Allocation of emission permits (AEP)provides valuable guidelines to support environmental regulatory policies for pollutant emission, in particular, CO 2 as the key contributors to climate change. Most of previous studies in literature developed the centralized AEP model and focused on the coal-fired power market, one of the main sources of air pollution. However, the power market is usually imperfectly competitive and some of them are gradually deregulated, this justifies the motivation of...
Topics: Coal-fired power plant, Data envelopment analysis, Decentralized allocation, Emission permit, Nash...
Intensive tillage based management practices are threatening soil quality and systems sustainability in the rice-wheat belt of Northwest India. Furthermore, it is accentuated with puddling of soil, which disrupts soil aggregates. Conservation agriculture (CA) practices involving zero tillage, crop residue management and suitable crop rotation can serve as better alternative to conventional agriculture for maintaining soil quality. Soil organic carbon is an important determinant of soil quality,...
Topics: Aggregate associated carbon, Crop management, Crop productivity, Particulate organic carbon, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth; Tim Forsyth
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Approaches to resilience to climate change can be socially exclusionary if they do not acknowledge diverse experiences of risks or socio-economic barriers to resilience. This paper contributes to analyses of resilience by studying how theories of change (ToC) processes used by development organizations might lead to social exclusions, and seeking ways to make these more inclusive. Adopting insights from participatory monitoring and evaluation, the paper first presents fieldwork from four...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Livelihoods, Myanmar, Resilience, Theories of change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In an era where achieving both economic growth and environmental sustainability is paramount, the role of technology diffusion remains an important one. Recent literature explores the link between geographical proximity and the adoption and diffusion of climate change adaptation policies. However, it has generally focused on a restricted set of developed countries and focused on the diffusion of policy instrument rather than the outcome of the policies. In this paper, we argue that domestic...
Topics: Policy adoption, Renewable energy, Technology diffusion, Trade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel; Thomas Riedel
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Climate change and urbanization are currently leading to a warming of the subsurface worldwide with yet unforeseen consequences for groundwater quality. The temperature-sensitivity of chemical and biological processes suggests that small temperature changes driven by current warming should have a detectable effect on the ecology of aquifers and the composition of groundwater itself, but field observations covering temperatures that are environmentally relevant are sparse. The analysis of a...
Topics: Climate change, Geochemistry, Groundwater, Groundwater ecology, Soil biogeochemistry, Water quality
How global warming changes the toxicity of contaminants is a research priority at the intersection of global change biology and ecotoxicology. While many pesticides are more toxic at higher temperatures this is not always detected. We studied whether deviations from this general pattern can be explained by concentration-dependent interaction effects and by testing the interaction against the inappropriate null model. We exposed larvae of the mosquito Culex pipiens to three concentrations of the...
Topics: Multiple stressors, Null model, Pesticide, Synergistic interaction, ‘Climate-induced toxicant...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins; P. J. Cummins
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In response to anthropogenic climate change, bioethics scholars have advocated a return to its roots in Van Rensselaer Potter's vision of bioethics as a discipline integrating the humanities and the sciences to support ecology. These scholars have noted that the discipline of bioethics diverged from this vision, and today its focus is on human health. This paper's ultimate argument is that these scholars do not appreciate the radicalness of their proposal and its potential to disrupt the...
Topics: Anthropocene, Bioethics, Climate change, Environmental humanities, Health care
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shakeel A. Khan; Gulshan K. Sharma; Fayaz A. Malla; Amit Kumar; undefined Rashmi; Navindu Gupta
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The most important requirement of the agrarian advancement is resilient nutrient source for agriculture without jeopardizing the environmental assets and economy of the country. An algal biorefinery approach is the prime requirement for the sustainable production of biodiesel and biofertilizers after remediation of wastewater. In the present study, the microalgae Chlorella minutissima, Scendesmus spp and Nostoc muscorum and their consortium were used for the biorefinery approach. C. minutissima...
Topics: Biodiesel, Biofertilizers, Biorefinery, Chlorella, Phycoremediation, Wastewater
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by C. M. Parihar; A. Ghosh; A. Dey; H. S. Nayak; M. D. Parihar; D. M. Mahala; R. K. Yadav; V. Rai; M. L. Jat
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Assessment of temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon (SOC) mineralization from soils of long-term precision conservation agriculture (CA) plots is essential to forecast soil C dynamics. Under CA, varying quantity of inorganic nutrient application had differential impact on SOC. At the same time study of SOC mineralization at different simulated temperatures is important as global climate change affects C-cycle of an agro-ecosystem. To assess the impact of tillage and nutrient management...
Topics: Carbon lability, Maize-wheat-mungbean system, Mineralization kinetics, Soil organic carbon pools
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Historical records and multiple researches have indicated that there is a close connection between carbon dioxide and surface temperature. Climate change and its impacts on agriculture, especially grain production, is one of the major challenges for food security and sustainable development. From the perspective of natural flow, climate change directly affects plant growth via water circulation, such as droughts and floods. Although the covariation of surface temperature and CO2 concentration...
Topics: Global warming, Grain production, Grain production efficiency, Input distance function, Land...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wouter Poortinga; Lorraine Whitmarsh; Linda Steg; Gisela Böhm; Stephen Fisher
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There is now an extensive literature on the question of how individual-level factors affect climate change perceptions, showing that socio-political variables, notably values, worldviews and political orientation, are key factors alongside demographic variables. Yet little is known about cross-national differences in these effects, as most studies have been conducted in a single or small number of countries and cross-study comparisons are difficult due to different conceptualisations of key...
Topics: Climate change, Cross-national analysis, European social survey, Perceptions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. A.C. Castellar; Joan Formosa; Ana Inés Fernández; Patricia Jové; Montserrat Gonzáles Bosch; Jordi Morató; Hans Brix; Carlos A. Arias
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Reusing by-products is an important strategy to ensure the preservation of natural capital and climate change mitigation. This study aimed at evaluating the potential of cork granulates, a by-product of winery industry, as an organic carbon (OC) source for the treatment of hydroponic wastewaters. First, chemical characterization was performed and discussed. Secondly, batch studies were performed using synthetic hydroponic wastewater to understand the role of particle size (PS), pH and contact...
Topics: By-products, Contact time, Denitrification, Particle size, Reusing, Wastewater
Meteorological droughts can have unexpected cascading consequences on social, economic, and environmental systems, which depend on the starting conditions of affected systems, and on natural and human drivers. In coastal areas, droughts propagate their effects to coastal aquifers, causing exacerbation of withdrawals with consequent worsening of groundwater quality and quantity. Considering the area of Lecce province (Salento peninsula, Apulia region, Southern Italy), the study outlines the...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal aquifer, Drought, Scenario building, Water crisis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Glacierised river catchments have been shown to be highly sensitive to climate change, while large populations depend on the water resources originating from them. Hydrological models are used to aid water resource management, yet their treatment of glacier processes is either rudimentary in large-scale applications or linked to fully distributed glacier models that prevent larger model domains. Also, data scarcity in mountainous catchments has hampered the implementation of physically based...
Topics: Aksu basin, Glacier mass balance modelling, Glaciohydrological model, Rhone basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Resilience as a metric is of growing interest to development researchers and practitioners, particularly for those whose work concerns the effects of climate change, conflict and epidemics. The growing need for resilience measurements motivates this research, measurements that reflect the complex, dynamic features of welfare among populations living in shock-prone contexts. It presents insights from three measurement approaches to explore the dynamic, intra-annual effects of shocks on household...
Topics: Machine learning, Malawi, Resilience, Shocks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Har Mohan Singh; Richa Kothari; Rakesh Gupta; V.V. Tyagi
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10.1016 j.jenvman.2019.01.043
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Guédron; J. Tolu; E. Brisset; P. Sabatier; V. Perrot; S. Bouchet; A. L. Develle; R. Bindler; D. Cossa; S. C. Fritz; P. A. Baker
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Volcanism is one of the major natural processes emitting mercury (Hg) to the atmosphere, representing a significant component of the global Hg budget. The importance of volcanic eruptions for local-scale Hg deposition was investigated using analyses of Hg, inorganic elemental tracers, and organic biomarkers in a sediment sequence from Lake Chungará (4520 m a.s.l.). Environmental change and Hg deposition in the immediate vicinity of the Parinacota volcano were reconstructed over the last 2700...
Topics: Anthropogenic activities and volcanism, Holocene, Mercury, Organic biomarkers, Paleolimnology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cassandra R. O'Lenick; Andrew J. Monaghan; Peter J. Crank; David J. Sailor
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Urban growth and climate change will exacerbate extreme heat events and air pollution, posing considerable health challenges to urban populations. Although epidemiological studies have shown associations between health outcomes and exposures to ambient air pollution and extreme heat, the degree to which indoor exposures and social and behavioral factors may confound or modify these observed effects remains underexplored. To address this knowledge gap, we explore the linkages between...
Topics: Air pollution, Climate change, Extreme heat, Health risks, Indoor exposure, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The implementation of climate change response programmes for adaptation and resilience is anchored on western scientific knowledge. However, this has led to a tendency to marginalise indigenous knowledge as it is considered unimportant in this process (Belfer et al., 2017; Lesperance, 2017; Whitfield et al., 2015). Yet, knowledge systems rarely develop in isolation as they normally tend to cross-fertilize and benefit from each other. In this regard, we think that indigenous knowledge is just as...
Topics: Indigenous knowledge, Traditional knowledge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Katharina Enigl; Christoph Matulla; Matthias Schlögl
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10.1016 j.advwatres.2019.04.018
Aquaculture ponds can emit a large amount carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), with the consequence of exacerbating global climate change. Many studies about CO 2 dynamics across the water-air interface, but CO 2 in sediment and overlying water received relative less attention. In this study, CO 2 concentration in sediment porewater, the diffusive CO 2 fluxes across the sediment-water interface (SWI), and the CO 2 production rates in the overlying water (CO 2_WP ) were determined in the shrimp ponds in the...
Topics: Carbon dioxide, Mariculture ponds, Production rates, Sediment-water interface, Subtropical estuary
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Gomis-Cebolla; Juan Carlos Jimenez; José Antonio Sobrino
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Amazonian tropical forests play a significant role in global water, carbon and energy cycles. Considering the importance of this biome and climate change projections, the monitoring of vegetation status of these rainforests becomes of significant importance. In this context vegetation temperature is presented as a key variable linked with plant physiology. In particular some studies showed the relationship between this variable and the CO 2 absorption capacity and biomass loss of these tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the Mediterranean region, floods are expected to increase as a result of climate change and knowledge of soil erosion hot spots during exceptional rainfalls is required to support mitigation measures. This study quantifies the main sediment sources during an exceptional rainfall event in 2012 (235 mm) at the outlet of two catchments located in NE Spain. To this purpose, suspended sediments were collected during the flood event, complemented with entrapped sediments in mat taken one year...
Topics: FingerPro model, Flood event, Source provenance, Suspended sediments
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Colin J. Courtney Mustaphi; Kiersten Orton; Alexandra Noronha; John Czaplewski; Quinn Asena; Sarah Paton; Johnny Panga Brushworth
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Radiometric dating methods are essential for developing geochronologies to study Late Quaternary environmental change and 210 Pb dating is commonly used to produce age-depth models from recent (within 150 years) sediments and other geoarchives. The past two centuries are marked by rapid environmental socio-ecological changes frequently attributed to anthropogenic land-use activities, modified biogeochemical cycles, and climate change. Consequently, historical reconstructions over this recent...
Topics: Data curation, Geochronology, Lead-210, Metadata, Radiometric dating, Radionuclide,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Himanshu Shekhar; Alexander J. Schmidt; Hans Werner Wehling
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This paper explores wellbeing as a central concept in the larger conceptual framework of human settlement planning that combines ongoing debates related to climate change, sustainability, resilience, earth jurisprudence and builds upon similar recent research. As more and more people are living in larger settlements, there is growing a curiosity as well as need to understand what wellbeing is and how it can be understood from the spatial planning perspective. Prominent contemporary global...
Topics: Happiness, Quality of life, Sustainability, Urban planning, Wellbeing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhenyue Lin; Liuying Wang; Mingliang Chen; Jianming Chen
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Little is known about how the coral host and its endosymbiont interactions change when they are exposed to a sudden nonlinear environmental transformation, yet this is crucial to coral survival in extreme events. Here, we present a study that investigates the transcriptomic response of corals and their endosymbionts to an abrupt change in pH (pH 7.60 and 8.35). The transcriptome indicates that the endosymbiont demonstrates a synchronized downregulation in carbon acquisition and fixation...
Life cycle impact assessment uses so-called characterization factors to address different types of environmental impact (e.g. climate change, particulate matter, land use…). For the topic of resource depletion, a series of proposals was based on heuristic and formal arguments, but without the use of expert-based models from relevant research areas. A recent study in using fish population models has confirmed the original proposal for characterization factors for biotic resources of the...
Topics: Abiotic resource, Biotic resource, Characterization factor, Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA),...
Dietary patterns of eating away-from-home (AFH) considerably differ from those of eating at home in urban China, thus generating varied carbon footprints. However, few studies have investigated the effect of eating places on diet-related climatic burden, and few have modelled the mechanism under the condition of eating-out because the decision of consumers on whether to eat AFH or at home is determined by multiple non-linear socioeconomic factors. Here, we compared the carbon footprints of...
Topics: Bayesian Belief Network, Carbon footprint, Climate change, Eat away-from-home, Socioeconomic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The advantage of accurate forecasts is that it solves the main problem related to renewable energies: their variability. Indeed, while renewable energies has not yet replaced fossil fuels, in spite of the efforts of many governments, it is because of their intermittent nature, hence the importance of prediction in this field. The new approach for energy prediction that we propose in this paper, is founded on the analysis of the dynamical behavior of the photovoltaic production of the Faculty of...
Topics: Chaotic time series, Phase space reconstruction, Power planning, Recurrent neural network (RNN),...
An increase in atmospheric CO 2 concentration (CO 2 ) affects stomatal conductance (g s ). Since g s is an important parameter in the Penman–Monteith model (P-M), an accurate estimate of g s can improve the accuracy of the estimation of evapotranspiration (ET) by P-M when CO 2 increases. This paper identifies three models of the relationship between g s and CO 2 (the linear model, L, the hyperbolic model, H, and the modified hyperbolic model, MH), and compares their estimations of ET when...
Topics: CO 2 concentration, Evapotranspiration, Hyperbolic model, Linear model, Modified hyperbolic model,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara Goto Gray; Kaitlin T. Raimi; Robyn Wilson; Joseph Árvai
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Are younger people, defined by age, or younger generations, defined by cohort-level measures, more concerned about declines in environmental health when compared to their older counterparts within the United States? Related, are these same people more willing to support policy actions aimed at preventing future losses when compared to older adults? In spite of reporting by the U.S. popular press about the heightened environmental consciousness of Millennials, prior research offers conflicting...
Topics: Age, Environmental loss, Generational differences, Millennials, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Younho Song; Eun Jin Cho; Chan Song Park; Chi Hoon Oh; Bok Jae Park; Hyeun Jong Bae
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Climate change due to global warming has led to the expansion of deciduous forests. Increased product yields from hardwood provide an opportunity for the exploitation of biomass resources, such as bioethanol. In this study, the enzymatic hydrolysis of various hardwoods pretreated using the hydrogen peroxide–acetic acid (HPAC) method was evaluated. Glucose and xylose were fermented sequentially to improve the bioethanol production from hardwood. The HPAC pretreatment significantly reduced...
Topics: Bioethanol, HPAC pretreatment, Hardwood, SHF, SSF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christian Weibel; Timo Ohnmacht; Dorothea Schaffner; Katharina Kossmann
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The aim of this study is to identify the factors involved in reducing meat consumption. Meat consumption is a major contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thus to climate change. Since meat consumption is a voluntary form of behavior, and since only 1.4 percent of the Swiss population are strict vegetarians, there is considerable potential for behavioral change. We propose an integrated and dynamic model based on a theory of planned behavior and a phase model of behavioral change to...
Topics: Behavioral change, Climate change, Meat consumption, Phase models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gaoxuan Wang; Fengjiao Shen; Hongming Yi; Patrice Hubert; Alexandre Deguine; Denis Petitprez; Rabih Maamary; Marc Fourmentin; Eric Fertein; Markus W. Sigrist; Tong Nguyen Ba; Weidong Chen
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Enhanced mitigation of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) has been recently paid more attention in order to provide more sizeable short-term reductions of global warming effects over the next several decades. We overview in this article our recent progress in the development of spectroscopic instruments for optical monitoring of major SLCPs based on laser absorption spectroscopy. Methane (CH4) and black carbon (BC) are the most important SLCPs contributing to the human enhancement of the...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Keying Wang; Meng Wu; Yongping Sun; Xunpeng Shi; Ao Sun; Ping Zhang
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With increasing concerns over climate change and the global consensus regarding low carbon growth, the transition of resource-based regions has become urgent and challenging. We employ a Slacks-Based Measure with windows analysis approach to estimate the carbon emissions efficiency and abatement potential of China's provinces over the period of 2003–2016. A panel Tobit model is further employed to analyze the direct and indirect effects of natural resource abundance on emissions efficiency....
Topics: Emissions efficiency, Industrial structure, Resource abundance, Resource dependence
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danielle F. Lawson; Kathryn T. Stevenson; M. Nils Peterson; Sarah J. Carrier; Renee Strnad; Erin Seekamp
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Complex environmental problems are typically resolved after the public is no longer willing to accept their risks and demands change (i.e., Reflexive Modernization). Notable examples include responses to the ozone hole and acid deposition. In the case of climate change, however, the politicization of the issue can result in adults ignoring the risks and accepting the status quo (i.e., Anti-Reflexivity). Although strategies such as strategic framing have seen some successes, new methods are...
Topics: Anti-reflexivity thesis, Children, Reflexive modernization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Multi-level governance (MLG) theory has become the main explanation for how climate action is realized in polycentric, multi-sector, multi-actor policy landscapes. In this paper, we examine processes of climate change governance in a given city in China, Rizhao, and evaluate how MLG arrangements operate. We do so by examining primary data collected through in-depth interviews with local stakeholders. Our results show that the focus on multi-level – and in particular transnational –...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Multi-level governance, Politics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fahu Chen; Jianhui Chen; Wei Huang; Shengqian Chen; Xiaozhong Huang; Liya Jin; Jia Jia; Xiaojian Zhang; Chengbang An; Jiawu Zhang; Yan Zhao; Renhe Zhang; Jianbao Liu; Aifeng Zhou; Song Feng
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The ‘westerlies-dominated climatic regime’ (WDCR) in the present interglacial period was proposed because precipitation/moisture variations between arid central Asia and mid-latitude monsoonal Asia are out-of-phase or anti-phased on different timescales during the Holocene. In this study. we first review the development of the theoretical framework of the WDCR, and then outline the boundary of its core area: from the Caspian Sea in the west to the western Hexi Corridor in the east, with the...
Topics: Core area of WDCR, Holocene, Silk Road pattern (SRP), Westerlies Asia and Monsoonal Asia,...
Desert oases exist around the alluvial fans of inland river basins in arid areas, where the vegetation growth is wholly dependent on groundwater due to scanty rainfall and arid environment. Climate change and water resources exploitation may threaten the groundwater-dependent ecosystems (GDEs) in the arid areas; a case study was proposed to evaluate the vegetative growth state with the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), hydrometeorological data, and the exploitation of water...
Topics: Alluvial fan, Arid area, Climate change, Desert oasis, Desert vegetation, Groundwater-dependent...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Frederic Emerson; Gregory Stephanopoulos
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Carbon dioxide remediation is of vital importance in mitigating the impact of greenhouse gases on climate change. While various technologies have been presented in the literature, we argue that only by valorizing CO 2 capture can such technologies reach widespread adoption in the current geo-political disposition. One such option is CO 2 fixation by autotrophic bacteria into bio-diesel and commodity chemicals. While proof of concept technologies have been published in the literature, yet key...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christophe Fontanier; Briony Mamo; Samuel Toucanne; Germain Bayon; Sabine Schmidt; Bruno Deflandre; Bernard Dennielou; Gwenael Jouet; Eline Garnier; Saburo Sakai; Ruth Martinez Lamas; Pauline Duros; Takashi Toyofuku; Aurélien Salé; Déborah Belleney; Sabrina Bichon
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In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinary study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this...
Topics: Benthic foraminifera, Land-use, Multidisciplinary study, Tropical cyclones
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West; Jason West
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Climate variability requires adaptive production systems in agriculture often resulting in significant irreversible investments. Cultivar replacement programs in horticulture orchards that substitute older varieties for more heat- and drought-resilient varieties have enterprise values that are highly sensitive to the timing of such investments. Farm-level replacement programs are subject to multiple constraints around debt serviceability, operating costs, the replacement cycle and the rate of...
Topics: Climate change, Cultivar replacement, Genetic algorithm, Macadamia, Net present value, Optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosemary N. Wojuola; Busisiwe P. Alant
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Increasing demands for energy, growing environmental concerns and the constraints of conventional energy sources have generated the need for public education on renewable energy, and the need for government policy to embrace renewable energy technologies. This paper is based on a previous study that explored the beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the Nigerian public to renewable energy technologies so as to derive implications for science and technology policy and education in the country. A...
Topics: Climate change, Energy education, Renewable energy, Renewable energy technologies (RETs), Science...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Renjith VishnuRadhan; T. I. Eldho; T. Divya David
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Plastics in the ocean are of great concern nowadays, and are often referred to as the apocalyptic twin of climate change in terms of public fear and the problems they pose to the aquatic and terrestrial environment. The number of studies focusing on the ecological effects and toxicity of plastics has substantially increased in the last few years. Considering the current trends in the anthropogenic activities, the amount of plastics entering the world oceans is increasing exponentially, but the...
Topics: Climate feedback, Ocean near-surface layer, Plastics, Spectral reflectance
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Biological invasion is considered the subsequent most important threat to biodiversity after habitat destruction and is documented as a main cause of global biodiversity loss and species extinction. Species distribution models can be used to identify areas that are at risk for invasions by harmful invasive alien species (IAS) if IAS have not yet spread to all suitable habitats. We tested the potential of combining two or more independent but complementary modelling methods to enhance the...
Topic: Yushania maling
Climate change poses risks to coastal cities due to sea-level rise and changes in storm surge. Using the contingent valuation method and payment card format, this paper seeks to estimate residents of Halifax Regional Municipality's willingness to pay (WTP) for protection from flooding impacts from storm surge. The contribution of this study is the application of this method in a previously unstudied region, to understand individuals' perception of risk and WTP to avoid damage, in order to...
Topics: Climate change: Sea-level rise, Storm surge: Halifax Regional Municipality
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by Mark Kanazawa; Bruce Wilson; Kerry Holmberg
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10.1016 j.wre.2018.01.003
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by Huilin Wang; Bin Chen; Ping Wang; Wenxin Huai; Jing Luo
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The effect of global climate change is increasing and it can influence agriculture in many ways, especially in that it makes great threaten on agricultural water resources. Since agricultural water supply is a key issue for agricultural production, indicators for contaminant transport in wetlands should be considered in order to solve agricultural water pollution and promote water protection. In this paper, we analyze the environmental dispersion in a typical three-layer wetland flows with the...
Topics: Three-layer wetland, Wind effect
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Olaf Westermann; Wiebke Förch; Philip Thornton; Jana Körner; Laura Cramer; Bruce Campbell
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If climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is meaningfully to address the development challenges posed by climate change, effective approaches will be needed to scale up research findings. Here, eleven case studies are used to exemplify scaling-up strategies based on (1) value chains and private sector involvement, (2) information and communication technologies and agro-advisory services, and (3) policy engagement. We evaluated these case studies and the scaling strategies they exemplify, using a...
Topics: Climate-smart agriculture, Development, Institutions, Learning, Scaling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Manuel Mojica Vélez; Sara Barrasa García; Alejandro Espinoza Tenorio
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The role of public policies in protecting coastal wetlands is gaining in prominence. The goal of this paper is to review the research themes and the key challenges of coastal wetlands policies. We found 259 papers that cover five research themes: development and impacts, territory, local population, governance, and management. Half of the papers are study cases from North America, and South and Southeast Asia. Regional patterns show that researchers in North America and West Europe focus on the...
Topics: Co-management and wetland management, Collaborative governance, Development impacts, Social...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube; Bongani Ncube
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Improving agricultural production remains a major challenge for smallholder farmers in South Africa. The enactment of the 1998 Water Act and subsequent water allocation reforms were meant to correct equity challenges of the past in water allocation and increase agricultural productivity in the rural sector. More than 20 years after the initiation of the processes smallholder farmers remain poor with limited agricultural productivity. With the advent of more frequent droughts and the ever...
Topics: Breede-Gouritz Catchment Management Area, Information sharing, Institutional support, Smallholder...
The paper aims to elucidate the influence of abrupt and gradual climate changes on the suitability for colonization of Scaphoideus titanus populations in grapevine-growing areas of the Northwestern Alpine region. This study spans several decades of temperature recordings and is carried out in ten grapevine-growing areas. A time-varying distributed delay with attrition model, linked to a grapevine phenology model, is used to simulate the development of S. titanus populations and produce an...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic suitability, Colonization risk, Forecast, Physiologically-based...
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Background Diurnal temperature range (DTR) reflects within-day temperature variability and is closely associated with climate change. In comparison to temperature extremes, up-to-date DTR-health evidence at the regional and national scales has been still very limited worldwide, especially in Europe. Objectives This study aimed to provide nationwide estimates for DTR-associated effects on mortality, and explore whether season and regional-level characteristics modify DTR-mortality relation in...
Topics: Mortality, Temperature variability, United Kingdom
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This paper develops an Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare for Spain from 1970 to 2012 and seeks to update valuation approaches to a number of items. Two approaches have proven particularly controversial over recent decades; the costs of energy depletion and of climate change. The valuation implications in measuring present welfare have proven problematic, as both include future sustainability consequences arising from resource depletion and environmental impacts. This study includes a...
Topics: Energy, ISEW, Welfare, Spain, Sustainable"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We examine the long-term impacts of drought exposure on women born in 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, across four decades. We find that women who were exposed to drought conditions during their early childhood are significantly less wealthy as adults. These effects are confined to women born and raised in rural households, indicating that the impacts of rainfall are felt via changes in agricultural output. In addition to lower levels of wealth, women who experience droughts in infancy also...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Fetal origins hypothesis, Human capital, Intergenerational effects
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shaukat Ali; Hyung Il Eum; Jaepil Cho; Li Dan; Firdos Khan; K. Dairaku; Madan Lall Shrestha; Syewoon Hwang; Wajid Nasim; Imtiaz Ali Khan; Shah Fahad
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Climate change is a phenomenon that is unequivocally altering the natural systems in all parts of the world but the alteration in climate extremes may pose more severe and unexpected impacts on Pakistan. The current study provides a comprehensive outlook of observation (1976–2005) and changes in climate extremes between the reference (1976–2005) and future periods (2020s: 2006–2035, 2050s: 2036–2065 and 2080s: 2066–2095). The analysis was conducted across six sub-regions of Pakistan...
Topics: Bias correction, Extreme events, Global climate models, Statistical downscaling
Several factors such as climate change, increment in fuel cost and digital technology era have lead to transformation of conventional grid into smart grid. Existing microgrid can be integrated with smart grid characteristics by various topologies, including cogeneration system where both electricity and thermal energy from single source of fuel can be produced. Cogeneration system has better efficiency, lower costs and able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to singular conventional...
Topics: Cogenerations, Commercial building, Fuel cell, Hierarchical control, Prime movers
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by John J. MacInnis; Igor Lehnherr; Derek C.G. Muir; Roberto Quinlan; Amila O. De Silva
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Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are synthetic environmentally-persistent pollutants that are amenable to long-range transport and accumulation in remote Arctic ecosystems. In this study, historical inventories of twenty-three PFASs (i.e. C 4 -C 14 , C 16 perfluoroalkane carboxylic acids (PFCAs); C 4 , C 6 -C 8 , C 10 perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids (PFSAs); perfluoro-4-ethyl-cyclohexane sulfonic acid (PFECHS); dodecafluoro-3H-4,8-dioxanonanoic acid (ADONA); 8-chloro-perfluoro-1-octane sulfonic...
Topics: Climate change, Emissions, Flux, Glacier melt, Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), Temporal trends
Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) are of increasing interest because of their ecotoxicological properties and environmental impacts. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are the main pathway for their release into freshwaters due to the inefficiency of conventional WWTPs in removing many of these contaminants from effluents. Therefore, different advanced effluent treatment techniques have been proposed for their treatment. However, it is not known at present how effective these...
Topics: Advanced wastewater treatment, Ecotoxicity, Life cycle assessment, Pharmaceutical and personal care...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Collaboration barriers have been reported among the most frequent institutional constraints to adaptation. Yet, the growing literature on the topic has been largely descriptive and little attention has been placed on how to transform barriers into enablers for action. By taking a fragile socio-ecological lagoon system in Southern Mexico as a case study, the paper applies a social network analytical approach to: i) reveal the actual web of connections tying stakeholders through local governance...
Topics: Adaptation barriers, Collaborative governance, Institutions, Social network analysis
Using the notion of institutional interplay, which refers to situations where the operation or consequences of one regime influence another regime, the article explores the interplay between planned adaptation and farmer households’ autonomous adaptation. Drawing empirical data from two drought-prone districts in Northeastern Ethiopia (Kobo and Raya Azebo), this article deals with the differentiated effects of planned adaptation, exemplified by Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme...
Topics: Ethiopia, Gender, Productive Safety Net Programme